MARYLAND AT A GLANCE

POPULATION

The Department of Planning compiles information on population. Annually, the Division of Health Statistics of the Maryland Department of Health publishes Maryland Vital Statistics as well.


[photo, Skyline from Federal Hill Park, Baltimore, Maryland}

State

Counties

Cities (incorporated)

Areas (unincorporated)

Skyline from Federal Hill Park, Baltimore, Maryland, May 2008. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.


Every 10 years, the U.S. Census Bureau conducts the federal national census (U.S. Constitution, Article I, sec. 2). Census figures are essential in determining how much federal funding a state receives, as well as how many U.S. Representatives represent each state in Congress.

In between decennial censuses, the U.S. Census Bureau issues QuickFacts, which shows yearly statistics.

POPULATION GROWTH RATES
According to the 2020 census, Maryland's population is 6,177,224, ranked 18th in the nation. Maryland's population continues to grow by at least 7% each decade. It is the 22nd fast-growing state in the nation relative to its population.


MARYLAND

2040 (est.) 6,739,410
2030 (est.) 6,413,690
2020 census 6,177,224
2010 census 5,773,552
2000 census 5,296,486
1990 census 4,780,753
1980 census 4,216,933
1970 census 3,923,897
1960 census 3,100,689
1950 census 2,343,001
1940 census 1,821,244
1930 census 1,631,526
1920 census 1,499,661
1910 census 1,295,346
1900 census 1,188,044
1890 census 1,042,390
1880 census 934,943
1870 census 780,894
1860 census 687,049
1850 census 583,034
1840 census 470,019
1830 census 447,040
1820 census 407,350
1810 census 380,546
1800 census 341,548
1790 census 319,728

COUNTIES

1990 census 2000 census 2010 census 2020 census 2030 projected* 2040 projected*
Allegany County 74,946 74,930 75,087 68,106 72,150 73,560
Anne Arundel Co. 427,239 489,656 537,656 588,261 608,990 632,200
Baltimore County 692,134 754,292 805,029 854,535 846,590 873,130
Calvert County 51,372 74,563 88,737 92,783 97,900 99,160
Caroline County 27,035 29,772 33,066 33,293 37,700 42,200
Carroll County 123,372 150,897 167,134 172,891 174,150 180,800
Cecil County 71,347 85,951 101,108 103,725 112,050 125,450
Charles County 101,154 120,546 146,551 166,617 184,470 205,290
Dorchester County 30,236 30,674 32,618 32,531 35,160 37,300
Frederick County 150,208 195,277 233,385 271,717 300,580 329,150
Garrett County 28,138 29,846 30,097 28,806 30,250 30,760
Harford County 182,132 218,590 244,826 260,924 271,860 289,220
Howard County 187,328 247,842 287,085 332,317 356,860 368,830
Kent County 17,842 19,197 20,197 19,198 20,900 21,800
Montgomery County 757,027 873,341 971,777 1,062,061 1,124,790 1,197,150
Prince George's Co. 728,553 801,515 863,420 967,201 940,960 970,770
Queen Anne's Co. 33,953 40,563 47,798 49,874 56,320 62,040
St. Mary's County 75,974 86,211 105,151 113,777 131,260 146,350
Somerset County 23,440 24,747 26,470 24,620 27,450 28,310
Talbot County 30,549 33,812 37,782 37,526 39,650 41,000
Washington County 121,393 131,923 147,430 154,705 164,900 179,450
Wicomico County 74,339 84,644 98,733 103,588 115,700 124,650
Worcester County 35,028 46,543 51,454 52,460 57,150 60,810

*Estimates as of Dec. 2020 from Maryland State Data Center, Dept. of Planning.


[photo, Inner Harbor, Baltimore, Maryland]




Inner Harbor, Baltimore, Maryland, October 2008. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.


CITIES (incorporated)
OVER 10,000 POPULATION

1990 census 2000 census 2010 census 2020 census
Baltimore 736,014 651,154 620,961 585,708
Frederick 40,148 52,767 65,239 78,171
Rockville 44,830 47,388 61,209 67,117
Gaithersburg 39,676 52,613 59,933 69,657
Bowie 37,642 50,269 54,727 58,329
Hagerstown 35,306 36,687 39,662 43,527
Annapolis 33,195 35,838 38,394 40,812
College Park 23,714 24,657 30,413 34,740
Salisbury 20,592 23,743 30,343 33,050
Laurel 19,086 19,960 25,115 30,060
Greenbelt 20,561 21,456 23,068 24,921
Cumberland 23,712 21,518 20,859 19,076
Westminster 13,060 16,731 18,590 20,126
Hyattsville 13,864 14,733 17,557 21,187
Takoma Park 16,724 17,299 16,715 17,629
Easton 9,372 11,708 15,945 17,101
Elkton 9,073 11,893 15,443 15,807
Aberdeen 13,087 13,842 14,959 16,254
Havre de Grace 8,952 11,331 12,952 14,807
Cambridge 11,514 10,911 12,326 13,096
New Carrollton 12,002 12,589 12,135 13,715

Source: Quick Facts, U.S. Census Bureau, as of April 1, 2020.


AREAS (unincorporated)
OVER 20,000 POPULATION

1990 census 2000 census 2010 census 2020 census
Columbia 75,883 88,254 99,615 104,681
Germantown 41,145 55,419 86,395 91,249
Silver Spring 76,046 76,540 71,452 81,015
Waldorf 15,058 22,312 67,752 81,410
Glen Burnie 37,305 38,922 67,639 72,891
Ellicott City 41,396 56,397 65,834 75,947
Dundalk 65,800 62,306 63,597 67,796
Wheaton-Glenmont 53,720 57,694 61,813 68,860
Bethesda 62,936 55,277 60,858 68,056
Towson 49,445 51,793 55,197 59,553
Aspen Hill 45,494 50,228 48,759 51,063
Bel Air South 26,421 39,711 47,709 57,648
Potomac 45,634 44,822 44,965 47,018
Severn 24,499 35,076 44,231 57,118
North Bethesda 29,656 38,610 43,828 50,094
Catonsville 35,233 39,820 41,567 44,701
Essex 40,872 39,078 39,262 40,505
Woodlawn 32,907 36,079 37,879 40,469
Severna Park 25,879 28,507 37,634 39,933
Odenton 12,833 20,534 37,132 42,947
Clinton 19,987 26,064 35,970 38,760
Oxon Hill-Glassmanor 35,794 35,355 35,017 37,221
Olney 23,019 31,438 33,844 37,221
Chillum 31,309 34,252 33,513 36,039
Randallstown 26,277 30,870 32,430 33,655
Montgomery Village 32,315 38,051 32,032 34,893
Suitland-Silver Hill 35,111 33,515 31,775 32,220
Pikesville 24,815 29,123 30,764 34,168
Parkville 31,617 31,118 30,734 31,812
Owings Mills 9,474 20,193 30,622 35,674
Bel Air North 14,880 25,798 30,568 31,841
Eldersburg 9,720 27,741 30,531 32,582
Carney 25,578 28,264 29,941 29,363
Milford Mill 22,547 26,527 29,042 30,622
Perry Hall 22,723 28,705 28,474 29,409
Crofton 12,781 20,091 27,348 29,641
South Laurel 18,591 20,479 26,112 29,602
Reisterstown 19,314 22,438 25,968 26,822
Edgewood 23,903 23,378 25,562 25,713
Lochearn 25,240 25,269 25,333 25,511
Middle River 24,616 23,958 25,191 33,203
North Potomac 18,456 23,044 24,410 23,790
Scaggsville 24,333 9,217
Pasadena 24,287 32,979
Fort Washington 24,032 23,845 23,717 24,261
Fairland 19,828 21,738 23,681 25,396
Ilchester 23,476 26,824
Arnold 20,261 23,422 23,106 24,064
Landover* 22,900 23,078 25,998
Cockeysville 20,776 24,184
Arbutus 19,750 20,116 20,483 21,655
White Oak 18,671 20,973 17,403 16,347
Elkridge 12,953 22,042 15,593 25,171
North Laurel 15,008 20,468 4,474 25,379
St. Charles** 28,717 33,379
South Gate*** 27,564 28,672

*(defined in 2000)
**(included with Waldorf for 2010 Census and beyond)
***(included with Glen Burnie for 2010 Census and beyond)

Source: Quick Facts, U.S. Census Bureau, as of April 1, 2020.

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