From the founding of Maryland in 1634, however, St. Mary's City was the first seat of Maryland's colonial government, not Annapolis. (In southern Maryland, Historic St. Mary's City can be visited today in St. Mary's County.) As the population of Maryland grew, however, St. Mary's City, near the southernmost tip of St. Mary's County, proved too distant for most of the colony's inhabitants. Consequently, in 1694, the General Assembly designated Anne Arundel Town, midway up Chesapeake Bay, as the new capital and, in February 1694/5, the government moved its records and its operations there.
State House (from Francis St.), Annapolis, Maryland, February 2014. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
Royal Governor John Seymour granted a municipal charter to Annapolis on November 22, 1708.
City Dock, Annapolis, Maryland, September 2008. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
Toward the end of the Revolutionary War, the City also served as capital to the newly forming American nation when the Continental Congress met in Annapolis from November 26, 1783 to August 19, 1784. Here too, on January 14, 1784, the Treaty of Paris, ending the Revolutionary War, was ratified by Congress.
McDowell Hall, St. John's College, Annapolis, Maryland, April 2005. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
In recent years, the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis hosted several international conferences. The Middle East Peace Conference was held at the Academy on November 27, 2007, while the U.S.-China Strategic Economic Dialogue (SED) IV took place June 17-18, 2008.
U.S. Naval Academy grounds, Annapolis, Maryland, May 2000. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
Known as "America's Sailing Capital", Annapolis hosts its Spring Sailboat Show each April and the U.S. Sailboat Show in October.
Sailboats, Back Creek, Annapolis, Maryland, October 2008. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
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