1) the (Slave Statistics) which is a Register of slaves owned as of
November 1, 1864, when the Constitution of 1864 abolished slavery in Maryland.
In the hope that the federal government would compensate former slaveholders,
the General Assembly in 1867 authorized the compilation of records establishing
who had owned slaves and how much the slave property had been worth. The
governor appointed a commissioner of slave statistics for each county,
who remained in office for two years. Former slaveowners furnished the
commissioner with descriptive information on each slave. The commissioners
then filed the records with the clerk of the circuit court of his county.
(Ch. 189, Acts of 1867; Ch. 385, Acts of 1868)
Entries give date of registration, name of the owner, and, if applicable,
name of person acting for the owner. For each slave the records show his
or her name, sex, age, physical condition, term of servitude, date of emancipation,
and, if applicable, information on and compensation for military
The appointments of the commissioners appear in Secretary of State (Commission
Record) 1866-1868 [MSA S1081-13; 2/26/3/37] in the county lists. Robert
Bowie of W. was appointed for Prince George's County on March 23,
Prince George's County (Slave Statistics) in series C1307, 1867-1869,
contains two volumes. Most of the entries are contained in the first volume
that is indexed by the names of the owners or agents. The binding is coming
apart and the first few pages of the index are loose. Some of the writing
is faint, and does not contrast well. The second volume consists of only
seventeen documents entered on ledger pages, now laminated and glued into
binder covers. Here again the contrast between the background and the writing
is not always well defined.
The original documents have survived in only Prince George's County
- (Slave Statistics, Original) in series MSA C 1308. A comparison of the
originals and the recorded copies reveals that all originals in that series
are recorded. However, not all originals are extant. Using the index in
the first volume, 24 instances were where the originals do not appear
in the folders in series MSA C 1308.
The first volume in series MSA C 1307 contains an index of the names
of the persons, owners or agents, providing the list of slaves. There is
no index in the second book. The better index is found here in (Freedom
Records, PG, Index), 1806-1869 [MSA S1411], which includes entries for
the names of slaveowners, agents, and slaves in both volumes in series
C1307. It does not encompass the records in MSA C 1308.
This index was compiled by Louise Heinton in 1971. Originally
a card index, it was was scanned, coverted to text, edited, and linked
to the original sources by Megan Meyer and Scott Waite working with
Dr. Edward C. Papenfuse. The text of the series appraisal and analysis
is by Patricia Melville, Senior Appraisal Archivist, Maryland State Archives.
Completed July 4, 2000.
An ecpCLIO electronic publication in the Archives of Maryland
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©Copyright August 07, 2001
Maryland State Archives